Species Details

Corallorhiza trifida

northern coralroot

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Photo of Corallorhiza trifida
© 2021 Scot Loring
Photo of Corallorhiza trifida
© 2021 Scot Loring
Photo of Corallorhiza trifida
© 2021 Scot Loring
Scientific Name:
Corallorhiza trifida Chatel.
Common Name:
northern coralroot
Family: Orchidaceae
Element Code: PMORC0M050
USDA Plants Symbol: COTR18
Synonyms/Other Names:
CA Rare Plant Rank: 2B.1
Fed List: None
State List: None
Global Rank: G5
State Rank:
Other Status:
CRPR Changes:
changed from 2.1 to 2B.1 on 2013-06-12
Add Date: 1994-01-01
Date Edited: 2021-11-05
Lifeform: perennial rhizomatous herb (achlorophyllous)
Blooming Period: Jun-Jul
1370 - 1745 meters
4495 - 5725 feet
General Habitat:
  • Lower montane coniferous forest
  • Meadows and seeps (edges)
General Micro Habitat:
Micro Habitat:
  • Mesic
Possibly threatened by recreational activities. See The Wasmann Journal of Biology 36:199-200 (1978) for information on CA occurrence near Buck's Lake, Fremontia 19(1):22-23 (1991) for account of recent discovery (1990), and The Wild Orchids of California, p. 56-58 (1995) by R. Coleman for species account.
Total Occurrences: 7
Element Occurrence Ranks:
2 1 1 0 0 3
Occurrence Status:
Historical >20 Years 2
Recent <=20 Years 5
Presumed Extant 7
Possibly Extirpated 0
Presumed Extirpated 0
California Endemic:
California Island:
States: Name (Code)
Alaska (AK), California (CA), Colorado (CO), Connecticut (CT), Idaho (ID), Illinois (IL), Indiana (IN), Maine (ME), Maryland (MD), Massachusetts (MA), Michigan (MI), Minnesota (MN), Montana (MT), Nevada (NV), New Hampshire (NH), New Jersey (NJ), New Mexico (NM), New York (NY), North Dakota (ND), Ohio (OH), Oregon (OR), Pennsylvania (PA), Rhode Island (RI), South Dakota (SD), Utah (UT), Vermont (VT), Washington (WA), West Virginia (WV), Wisconsin (WI), Wyoming (WY)
California Counties and Islands: Name (Code)
Nevada (NEV), Plumas (PLU), Sierra (SIE)
Quads: Name (Quad Code)
Bucks Lake (3912182), Gold Lake (3912066), Graniteville (3912046), Haypress Valley (3912055), Meadow Valley (3912181)
Definitions of codes following a county and/or quad:
* Presumed extirpated
(?) Occurrence confirmed, but possibly extirpated
Quad and county data is imported from the CNDDB. Species may be present in other areas where conditions are favorable. These data should NOT be substituted for pre-project review or for on-site surveys.


Presumed Extant
Counties   Quads