Species Details

Chloropyron maritimum ssp. palustre

Point Reyes salty bird's-beak

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Photo of Chloropyron maritimum ssp. palustre
©2017 John Doyen
Scientific Name:
Chloropyron maritimum (Benth.) A. Heller ssp. palustre (Behr) Tank & J.M. Egger
Common Name:
Point Reyes salty bird's-beak
Family: Orobanchaceae
Element Code: PDSCR0J0C3
USDA Plants Symbol:
Synonyms/Other Names:
Lifeform: annual herb (hemiparasitic)
Blooming Period: Jun-Oct
0 - 10 meters
0 - 35 feet
General Habitats:
  • Marshes and swamps (coastal salt)
Microhabitat Details:
Once rather common in proper habitat; now greatly reduced by development. Also threatened by foot traffic, non-native plants, hydrological alterations, cattle grazing and trampling. State listed as Endangered in OR. See Proceedings of the California Academy of Science 1:61 (1855) for original description, Brittonia 25:135-158 (1973) for taxonomic treatment, and MadroƱo 41(4):316-327 (1994) for ecological discussion.
Threat List Total: 16
Total EOs % of EOs
EOs with Threat Listed: 33 41 %
Foot traffic/trampling 17 21%
Non-native plant impacts 10 12%
Other 10 12%
Grazing 7 8%
Development 7 8%
Total Occurrences: 80
Element Occurrence Ranks:
7 32 5 4 11 21
Occurrence Status:
Historical >20 Years 37
Recent <=20 Years 43
Presumed Extant 69
Possibly Extirpated 10
Presumed Extirpated 1
California Endemic:
California Island:
States: Name (Code)
California (CA), Oregon (OR)
California Counties and Islands: Name (Code)
Alameda (ALA)*, Humboldt (HUM), Marin (MRN), San Francisco (SFO), San Luis Obispo (SLO), San Mateo (SMT)*, Santa Clara (SCL)*, Sonoma (SON)
Quads: Name (Quad Code)
Arcata South (4012471), Bodega Head (3812331), Bolinas (3712286), Cannibal Island (4012463), Drakes Bay (3812218), Eureka (4012472), Fields Landing (4012462), Inverness (3812217), Milpitas (3712148)*, Morro Bay South (3512037), Mountain View (3712241)*, Newark (3712251), Novato (3812215), Oakland East (3712272), Oakland West (3712273)*, Petaluma River (3812225), Point Reyes NE (3812227), Redwood Point (3712252)*, Richmond (3712283), San Francisco North (3712274), San Leandro (3712262)*, San Mateo (3712253)*, San Quentin (3712284)*, San Rafael (3712285), Tomales (3812228), Tyee City (4012482)
Definitions of codes following a county and/or quad:
* Presumed extirpated
(?) Occurrence confirmed, but possibly extirpated
Quad and county data is imported from the CNDDB. Species may be present in other areas where conditions are favorable. These data should NOT be substituted for pre-project review or for on-site surveys.
Presumed Extant
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